Loving the Historical Jesus Matthew 25:34-36
Then the King will say to those at his right hand, ‘Come, you that
are blessed by my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world; for I was hungry and you gave me food, I was thirsty and you gave me something to drink, I was a stranger and you welcomed me, I was naked and you gave me clothing, I was sick and you took care of me, I was in prison and you visited me.’
Helpful Information for Today’s Sermon
· Galilee—8% to 10% of people were considered elite or wealthy
· 90% to 92% were considered poor
· In Jesus’ day, there existed NO middle class
· Rome taxed and oppressed to support the empire and military
· The Temple ALSO taxed the people to basically support the Sanhedrin
· Pharisaical priests were not of the Levitical lineage, but rather Hellenized Jews put in power by Caesar.
· Sadducees sided with the zealots and for independence from foreign powers. Believed that God would come himself as Messiah and deliver the Jews and free them from oppressors. They believed this because of their more recent history during the Hasmonean Dynasty when the Maccabean families fought against Greece after the death of Alexander the Great and enjoyed a brief time of peace and freedom. The tradition of Hanukah is celebrated to this day about thistime of independence.
· Essenes decided that both were corrupt, and they were excommunicated by the Sanhedrin. They were a monastic group who moved to Qumran. They only associated with themselves. We have the Dead Sea Scrolls today because of them.